International law and Latin from Pacta Sunt Servanda to Jus Cogens

Sometimes when I am studying for my international law class, I feel like I am really studying for a Latin exam.  To give you some idea of what I mean I found this at:

Here are just the A’s


ab extra = from without; from outside: For example: i) Concerning a case, a person may have received some information from a 3rd party: ii) The assistance may have been considered ab extra

ab initio = from the beginning

actus reus = guilty act; the objective element of a crime; the external element of a crime

actus non facit reum nisi mens sit rea = the act does not make a person guilty unless the mind is also guilty

ad coelum/cuius est solum, eius est usque ad caelum et ad inferos = for whoever owns the soil, it is theirs up to Heaven and down to Hell

ad colligenda bona = to collect the goods

ad damnum = According to the harm; appropriate to the harm; a measure of damage inflicted, and implying a remedy if one exists that ought to correspond specifically and only to the damage suffered.

ad hoc = for this (purpose); composed or designed for a particular purpose only

ad hominen = argument against the man; argument to the man: also see argumentum ad hominem

ad idem/consensus ad idem = mutual assent; of the same mind; meeting of the minds: the situation where there is a common understanding in the formation of the contract

ad infinitum = to infinity; continue forever; without limit

ad litem = for the suit; a party appointed by a court to act in a lawsuit on behalf of another party

administrator de bonis non cum testamento annexo = administrator of goods not administered with the will annexed

ad nauseam = repeated continuously or continuing to the point of boredom

Ad quod damnum = According to the harm; appropriate to the harm; a measure of damage inflicted, and implying a remedy if one exists that ought to correspond specifically and only to the damage suffered.

affidavit = declaration upon oath; a formal sworn statement of fact

alter ego = the other

a mensa et thoro = divorce a mensa et thoro; divorce from bed-and-board; a de factoseparation while remaining legally married

amicus curiae/amici curiae = friend of the court/friends of the court

animus nocendi = animus-mind, noceo-to harm: the subjective state of mind of the author of a crime, with reference to the exact knowledge of illegal content of his behavior, and of its possible consequences.

ante = before

arguendo = for the sake of argument

a posteriori = after the fact; (logic) Involving deduction of theories from facts.

a priori = known ahead of time

argumentum a fortiori = even more so; from the stronger; with even stronger reason. For example: i) If it is illegal to steal one apple then it is also illegal to steal ten apples (from smaller to bigger, a minore ad maius): ii) If you can drink ten sodas then it follows that you can drink five (from bigger to smaller, a maiore ad minus).

argumentum ad hominem = argument against the man; argument to the man; attacking the person; replying to an argument or factual claim by attacking or appealing to a characteristic or belief of the source making the argument or claim, rather than by addressing the substance of the argument or producing evidence against the claim

audi alteram partem = hear the other side.

Somehow I think my one semester of Latin in high school won’t be enough to make a difference.


About Leon Whyte

I'm a recent graduate of the Fletcher school of Law and Diplomacy. My interests include Pacific Asia and Security. I am looking for related opportunities.
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